Racial inequality Between Past and Present
Racial inequality Between Past and Present
Outline: Racial inequality Between Past and Present
· Racial inequality meaning.
· “In this country American means white. Everybody else has to hyphenate.” – Toni Morrison
· Race does not exist at the genetic level because DNA sequencing shows that 99.9 percent similarity.
· People had to adapt to their environment for survival thus the difference in melanin levels.
Racial inequality remains a huge problem on our society. Racial inequality throughout the past and present show both similarities and differences.
- Household opportunities and wealth differs between African-Americans and whites.
I. Policies related to homeownership in the past show racism toward blacks.
· Blacks were prevented from buying houses in the suburban neighborhoods.
· Fair Housing Act started at 1968 outright refusal to sell property to Blacks became rare.
· In 1992, 46% of black children lived in a family with an income below the poverty line. While whites cumulate to 16% only. (Smith)
· Between 2004-2010: Blacks lost a quarter of their wealth to mortgages and bank services, whites lost 1% only (Parsons).
II. Policies have changed, but African-Americans are still negatively affected.
· Wealth gap increased between whites and blacks due to inequality and racism throughout the American history.
· Median wealth of whites = $113,000
· Median wealth of blacks = $5,677
· Between 1983 and 2016 homeownership:
· Blacks increased by 45%
· At 2016, whites have 72% of homeownership.
- Priorities in education between past and present show inequality.
I. African-Americans in the past had inequal education opportunities.
· High quality education = improve social and economic prospects
· Black students are more likely to face a cluttered learning environment. (Smith)
· In 2004, Orleans Parish School System (OPSS), that serves black students primarily Ranked the worst in Louisiana (Raynor, 2006)
· (OPSS) needed major repairs in roofing, plumbing, heating, and air conditioning (Tulane University, 2009)
· After hurricane Katrina, US Secretary of Education, Margaret Spellings;
· Gave 47 million dollars for the building of Charter schools (Saltman, 2007).
· Nothing for public schools.
II. Today, we see that education is a priority to the nations.
· New Orleans at 21st century regulations: –
· Removal of attendance zones
· Exceptions for charter schools
· Resulted in publicly funded, selective admission schools that serve 75% of the 1800 white students.
· Based on New Schools for New Orleans (NSNO), by 2021 New Orleans schools will be performing better than half of the districts in Louisiana.
- Police brutality is a crisis that many black people suffered from in the past and present. `
I. Police brutality in the past was trending and African-Americans are the ones suffering.
· 1988, the rap group N.W.A. released an album discussing the struggle with police brutality and job inequality.
· The album became an anthem for anti-police brutality movement.
· Founded in 1981, Race Forward anti-racism organization.
· At 2008, Obama became the president in a way to help end racism and police brutality (Nodjimbadem, Katie)
II. Police brutality nowadays won’t stop unless racism disappears.
· 2013, the organization “Black Lives Matter” appeared, due to the increasing inequality and police brutality.
· All these movements and we still see inequality with police dealing with blacks.
· “Racism been supposed to die when Martin Luther King died.”
· October 13, 2019, an innocent lady called Atatiana Jefferson was shot by a police officer while she was playing video games with her nephew at
· Restate thesis statement
· Racial inequality in the past and present differ only in time
· Both eras construct an inequal perceptions between blacks and whites
Parsons, Eileen Carlton, and Kea Turner. “The Importance of History in the Racial Inequality and Racial Inequity in Education: New Orleans as a Case Example.” Negro Educational Review, vol. 65, no. 1–4, Jan. 2014
M. Smith, T. (2019). THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS OF BLACK STUDENTS. [online] Nces.ed.gov. Available at: https://nces.ed.gov/pubs95/95765.pdf [Accessed 26 Oct. 2019].
Nodjimbadem, Katie. “The Long, Painful History of Police Brutality in the U.S.” Smithsonian, Smithsonian.com, 27 July 2017, www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/long-painful-history-police-brutality-in-the-us-180964098/.
“New Schools for New Orleans.” New Schools for New Orleans, 2019, www.newschoolsforneworleans.org/what-we-do/our-strategy/. Accessed 20 Oct. 2019.
“On Views of Race and Inequality, Blacks and Whites Are Worlds Apart.” Pew Research Center’s Social & Demographic Trends Project, Pew Research Center’s Social & Demographic Trends Project, 27 June 2016, www.pewsocialtrends.org/2016/06/27/on-views-of-race-and-inequality-blacks-and-whites-are-worlds-apart/.
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