Racial inequality Between Past and Present

Racial inequality Between Past and Present

Alsiyabi 1

Alsiyabi 2

Date

Outline: Racial inequality Between Past and Present

Introduction:

· Racial inequality meaning.

· “In this country American means white. Everybody else has to hyphenate.” – Toni Morrison

· Race does not exist at the genetic level because DNA sequencing shows that 99.9 percent similarity.

· People had to adapt to their environment for survival thus the difference in melanin levels.

Thesis Statement:

Racial inequality remains a huge problem on our society. Racial inequality throughout the past and present show both similarities and differences.

Body Paragraph:

  1. Household opportunities and wealth differs between African-Americans and whites.

I. Policies related to homeownership in the past show racism toward blacks.

· Blacks were prevented from buying houses in the suburban neighborhoods.

· Fair Housing Act started at 1968 outright refusal to sell property to Blacks became rare.

· In 1992, 46% of black children lived in a family with an income below the poverty line. While whites cumulate to 16% only. (Smith)

· Between 2004-2010: Blacks lost a quarter of their wealth to mortgages and bank services, whites lost 1% only (Parsons).

II. Policies have changed, but African-Americans are still negatively affected.

· Wealth gap increased between whites and blacks due to inequality and racism throughout the American history.

· Median wealth of whites = $113,000

· Median wealth of blacks = $5,677

· Between 1983 and 2016 homeownership:

· Blacks increased by 45%

· At 2016, whites have 72% of homeownership.

  1. Priorities in education between past and present show inequality.

I. African-Americans in the past had inequal education opportunities.

· High quality education = improve social and economic prospects

· Black students are more likely to face a cluttered learning environment. (Smith)

· In 2004, Orleans Parish School System (OPSS), that serves black students primarily Ranked the worst in Louisiana (Raynor, 2006)

· (OPSS) needed major repairs in roofing, plumbing, heating, and air conditioning (Tulane University, 2009)

· After hurricane Katrina, US Secretary of Education, Margaret Spellings;

· Gave 47 million dollars for the building of Charter schools (Saltman, 2007).

· Nothing for public schools.

II. Today, we see that education is a priority to the nations.

· New Orleans at 21st century regulations: –

· Removal of attendance zones

· Exceptions for charter schools

· Resulted in publicly funded, selective admission schools that serve 75% of the 1800 white students.

· Based on New Schools for New Orleans (NSNO), by 2021 New Orleans schools will be performing better than half of the districts in Louisiana.

  1. Police brutality is a crisis that many black people suffered from in the past and present. `

I. Police brutality in the past was trending and African-Americans are the ones suffering.

· 1988, the rap group N.W.A. released an album discussing the struggle with police brutality and job inequality.

· The album became an anthem for anti-police brutality movement.

· Founded in 1981, Race Forward anti-racism organization.

· At 2008, Obama became the president in a way to help end racism and police brutality (Nodjimbadem, Katie)

II. Police brutality nowadays won’t stop unless racism disappears.

· 2013, the organization “Black Lives Matter” appeared, due to the increasing inequality and police brutality.

· All these movements and we still see inequality with police dealing with blacks.

· “Racism been supposed to die when Martin Luther King died.”

· October 13, 2019, an innocent lady called Atatiana Jefferson was shot by a police officer while she was playing video games with her nephew at

home. (NPR)

Conclusion:

· Restate thesis statement

· Racial inequality in the past and present differ only in time

· Both eras construct an inequal perceptions between blacks and whites

Works Cited

Parsons, Eileen Carlton, and Kea Turner. “The Importance of History in the Racial Inequality and Racial Inequity in Education: New Orleans as a Case Example.” Negro Educational Review, vol. 65, no. 1–4, Jan. 2014

M. Smith, T. (2019). THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS OF BLACK STUDENTS. [online] Nces.ed.gov. Available at: https://nces.ed.gov/pubs95/95765.pdf [Accessed 26 Oct. 2019].

Nodjimbadem, Katie. “The Long, Painful History of Police Brutality in the U.S.” Smithsonian, Smithsonian.com, 27 July 2017, www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/long-painful-history-police-brutality-in-the-us-180964098/.

“New Schools for New Orleans.” New Schools for New Orleans, 2019, www.newschoolsforneworleans.org/what-we-do/our-strategy/. Accessed 20 Oct. 2019.

“On Views of Race and Inequality, Blacks and Whites Are Worlds Apart.” Pew Research Center’s Social & Demographic Trends Project, Pew Research Center’s Social & Demographic Trends Project, 27 June 2016, www.pewsocialtrends.org/2016/06/27/on-views-of-race-and-inequality-blacks-and-whites-are-worlds-apart/.

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