Critical Thinking Assignment Option # 1: Critical Self-Reflection Essay

Critical Thinking Assignment Option # 1: Critical Self-Reflection Essay

 

Critical Thinking Class – total of  28  pages long

Long Assignments – 24 pages long

Paper #1 –      4 pages  –

Critical Thinking Assignment Option # 1: Critical Self-Reflection Essay

In this reflective writing exercise you will analyze yourself with regard to the stage of development at which you are today as a critical thinker and your strengths and challenges in the matter of becoming a critical thinker with advanced reasoning skills.

As you internalize critical thinking concepts, models, and theories, what do you want to understand about being a fair-minded critical thinker when you leave this class that you can use in the “real world”?

 

Directions:

 

Using the concepts learned through the readings and lecture pages, write a self-reflection essay that answers the following:

  • What does critical thinking mean to you? Describe the role that critical thinking plays in your life today. Explain and offer examples of how you might further apply critical thinking in your life.
  • What does this course have to do with good thinking in general or with your particular beliefs?
  • Define and explain a point of view or primary value you sometimes rely on to guide your thinking. Briefly describe how you personally analyze and assess thinking.
  • List three inferences you have made in the past. Is it possible to separate emotions from issues that are heavily based on belief systems such as religious beliefs?

Requirements:

  • In this self-reflective assignment, you need to back up your ideas and claims with scholarly sources. Keep in mind that critical reasoning and thinking skills are not the same as opinions. While it is acceptable to write in the first person, as needed for this assignment, be sure to support your ideas with valid, reputable, and scholarly articles.
  • Include at least 1-2 scholarly sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course. The CSU-Global Library is a good place to find these sources.

Your paper should be 4 pages in length, well written, and formatted according to the  APA Requirements.

 

Paper #2 –      4 pages

 

Critical Thinking Assignment Option #1 – Critical Self-Reflection Essay

 

Inference and Interpretation

Read in Chapter 5 in your text Exhibit 5.12 (page 122) and reflect on how you sometimes form your views and perspectives regardless of data or evidence to the contrary.

 

Based on your readings, research, and experiences as well as your study and consideration of the Exhibit above, select and analyze one issue that is now in the national debate, on health, education, climate change, role of the US foreign policy, United Nations, undocumented workers, or unions and the minimum wage.  In writing your essay, consider how your thinking impacts how you give meaning to events, social issues, or facts.

 

Directions

Select one issue as your topic for the essay. See this –

 

Consider the following factors to help you narrow your topic:

  • Time: Limit the time span of your topic. For example, you could limit Affordable Care Act research to information from the past two years; not the debate leading up to the Act. Or, you could look at U.S. foreign policy during the 1990’s.
  • Population: Limit by age, sex, race, occupation, ethnic group or species. For example, you could limit research to how climate change affects polar bears or how the United Nations has played a role in empowering women.
  • Location: Location can help you limit by topic (and sometimes population). For example, you could examine undocumented workers in Florida or how U.S. Policy is affecting current events in Syria.

One Aspect: Consider just one piece of a larger subject.  For example, you could look at how certain cities across the country are raising the minimum wage.

 

 

Include the following points (see also Exhibit 5.1, p.103):

  • Clarity
  • Logic
  • Justifiability
  • Profundity – your depth of knowledge on a topic
  • Reasonableness
  • Consistency

The essay is a roadmap of how your mind works. Therefore, there is no right or wrong answer. The goal is to support your critical thinking based on readings from text, articles, or discussions in class.

 

Requirements:

 

  • Your essay should be 4pages.
  • Incorporate three scholarly sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course. Cite and reference your sources properly.
  • Format your essay, including all citations and references, according to the APA Requirements

 

 

Paper #3 – 4 pages long

 

Critical Thinking Option 1: How to Detect Media Bias

Instructions

Read Chapter 12 – How to detect media bias and propaganda in national and world news.

Find a current event related to a social issue of your choosing (no older than a few months) that was widely covered by the media.  Access this link for additional help and click on Module 5 Assignment.-

 

 

Finding Scholarly Sources to Back Up Claims

Scholarly sources can come in a variety of forms: statistics, local, national and international governments, peer-reviewed journals articles and more.  This page will provide library databases and outside sources that may help you back up your claims.  If you struggle to find the right information, contact a librarian.

 

Library Databases

  • Academic Search Premier Multidisciplinary index to peer-reviewed journal and magazine articles; some full-text; constructs bibliography in APA citation style.
more…
  • Proquest Research Library Multidisciplinary index to peer-reviewed journal and magazine articles; some full-text; constructs bibliography in APA citation style.
more…
  • ProQuest Congressional Accesses a comprehensive collection of congressional publications.
more…

Governement Information

  • Statistical Abstract of the U.S. The single best handbook for data on American production, prices, population, resources, trade, technology, income, spending and saving.
  • USA.gov — Data & Statistics Gateway to U. S. government statistics covering business & economics, the environment, family, home & community, health & nutrition, jobs & education, public safety, science & technology, travel & recreation. Also includes geospatial data (data represented in map form).

CIA World Fact Book Provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. From the U. S. Central Intelligence Agency

 

 

Choose two different news articles from two different media sources.  Write an essay comparing and contrasting your two sources.

  • Clearly identify the author, title of article, name of publication. Take notice of the type of article: local, national or international news story, editorial, or column, etc.
  • Identify the main claim and supporting reasons or premises of your article.
  • Analyze the logic of the article according to the critical analysis tools we have been studying throughout the course, including identifying fallacies and rhetorical devices. Try looking deeper into the news coverage to discern the significant information that is omitted, and if the evidence is viable. Discern the logic of the arguments in each specific news article.  Be alert to discern if there are rival causes and if the evidence is deceptive.  Consider what significant information is omitted or if other reasonable conclusions are possible.

Sources and Citation: In addition to the two news articles, find and cite two scholarly sources to back up the claims and conclusions of your analyses. Feel free to use the readings from the course. Remember to include all sources used, including the newspaper articles, in an APA-formatted reference page.

 

Your paper, including citations and references, should be 4 pages in length, well written, and formatted according to the APA.

 

 

 

Paper #4  – Portfolio Project – 8 pages

 

Begin the process of constructing your project by choosing a particular issue or problem. It could be related to your personal life or career path.   The goal is then to align this problem or issue with a specific logic model from the text and/or other critical thinking tools you have been learning throughout the course.  As you construct your project, utilize critical thinking tools to evaluate your data and your credible research, interpret this data, and understand your specific problem or issue from a broader, deeper and more focused perspective. Accessing and implementing credible research from the

 

Portfolio Project Option # 1 – Essay

 

Becoming a college student means that you have a responsibility to apply knowledge to advance your field and to make the world a better place. Through practicing critical thinking skills, we learn not only to avoid being manipulated in our thinking, but to fully support and provide evidence for our ideas. Your Critical Thinking Journal, if you kept one, will help inform your final project.

 

Option #1: Write an 8 page essay (not counting required title or reference page).

 

Instructions:

Begin the process of constructing your project by choosing a particular issue or problem. It could be related to your personal life or career path. The goal is then to align this problem or issue with a specific logic model from the text and/or other critical thinking tools you have been learning throughout the course.  As you construct your essay, utilize critical thinking tools to evaluate your data and your credible research, interpret this data, and understand your specific problem or issue from a broader, deeper and more focused perspective.

 

In constructing your essay, utilize and integrate the Elements of Thought from Chapter 5, pp. 104-122.

Your paper must:

  • Cite at least 6 scholarly peer-reviewed sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course. You may include a credible website. You may cite the textbook, but that does not count as one of the scholarly peer-reviewed sources.)
  • Incorporate terms and concepts from the class readings and lecture pages.

Be formatted according to the APA Requirements.

 

 

Paper #4A – Portfolio project – Milestone 1

 

Submit Portfolio Topic

 

 

 

Be sure to indicate which of the two Portfolio Project options you have decided to complete and provide a one paragraph write-up briefly explaining why you selected this option. Refer to the various fallacies featured in the Module 4 lecture pages for terms and concepts to use to ensure your topic will be logically and objectively presented. You may cite additional references to support your choice of topic position.

Need some more assistance with your writing mechanics or with APA style? Be sure to back up your feedback with concrete facts and insights based on research. Remember that critical thinking is not just your opinion–rather, it is a claim that provides evidence that helps you prove an argument.

 

Paper #4B – Portfolio project – Milestone 2

 

Portfolio:  Submit Portfolio Outline

 

Submit an outline of your Portfolio Project. Review the description of the Portfolio Project

 

Directions:

  • The first step to understanding an argument is to dissect the claims (premises) and the conclusions. As you are creating this one- to two-page outline of your argumentative essay, begin to analyze your own claims (premises).
  • Provide four scholarly research sources that you might consider using for your final essay. Give a short reason why each would be pertinent to your project. This is not expected to be a final list. The goal here is to motivate you to begin examining research that might help you in your final Portfolio Project. Add a reference section for your research sources.
  • Format your outline according to the APA Requirements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Short assignments – 4 pages long

 

Paper #1 – half page long

 

Critically Thinking Through Content and Facts

For this discussion first reflect and write out your answers to the following questions and post:

  • The concept of critical thinking basically means __________________________. (State this meaning in your own words.)
  • In other words, _________________________________________. (Now explain in a few sentences what you meant by the first sentence.)
  • For example, ____________________________________________. (Now give us an example of what you meant—tying the concept to your experience, and our experience, so that we can better understand it.)
  • To illustrate with an analogy or diagram, ______________________________________________________. (Now connect what you are saying to something similar, again, to help us better understand it.)
  • (question adapted from Paul & Elder, 2012)

All learners should be prepared to critique the postings from at least two fellow students, but be sure to back up your thoughts and feedback with concrete facts and insights based on research. You may also want to cite other examples to support your position.

Include at least 1-2 scholarly sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course.

 

Format your discussion, including all in-text citations and references, according to APA .

 

Paper #2 – half page long

 

Looking for Fair-Mindedness in Critical Thinking

Apply your critical thinking and reasoning skills by reflecting on how to become a fair-minded critical thinker.

Reflect how you will exhibit thinking skills as a fair-minded critical thinker. Post your thoughts on your strategy to become confident and expressive about your challenges and abilities as a fair-minded critical thinker. As you develop to be a fair-minded  thinker, you become insightful in discussing your personal development as a critical thinker and capable to develop a Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Timely (SMART) plan for the enhancement of your critical thinking skills.

Recall a specific time when strong feelings interfered with your ability to think critically.

 

  1. A) How might you prevent your strong feelings from interfering with your critical thinking during times when you would prefer to think critically?

 

  1. B) What can you do to reduce any negative impact of such feelings? What are ethical decision-making models and how will you use them in your critical thinking?

 

Remember that critical thinking is not just your opinion; rather, it is a claim, assumption, or fact supported by credible evidence that helps to prove an argument.

 

Include at least 1-2 scholarly sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course.

Format your discussion, including all in-text citations and references, according to the APA .

 

Paper #3 – half page long

 

Fairness and Significance

You read in your textbook about the standards of intellectual thinking.  Read Chapter 5 (p. 100, 5.10) and reflect on what is significant to you in your life and if you are fair in decisions that may affect your family, friends, colleagues, classmates, or society in general. Reflect on the books you have read, and local, national, and international news reports you have heard that speak to a social issue you care about.

Answer either the questions on significance or fairness or both in your discussion posting.

 

Significance

  • Explain a situation or issue that holds significance for you(e.g., health, education, religious, cultural, traditions, family, or any social issue of your choosing).
  • What are the goals or objectives you are focused on at this time in your career and why?
  • How will you ensure you reach your goals? Justify your response with examples.

Fairness

  • When you make a decision is it based on all available perspectives and facts?
  • How do you ensure you are fair-minded in your decision making?
  • What are the implications and consequences of your decisions for other people who hold opposing views?

Be sure to cite evidence from the articles, textbook, or other credible source to support your assumptions, claims, and/or facts in APA style.

Critique the postings of at least two fellow students and in your response defend their decisions and feelings, regardless of whether you agree or not. Do not simply agree with classmates, but do support your replies with terms and concepts from the class readings and lecture pages. In your responses to each other, feel free to cite other examples of any changes in your thinking now as opposed how you would have answered before this class.

 

Include at least 1-2 scholarly sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course.

 

Paper #4 – half page long

 

Master the Content

Read for reference: Use the Mini Guide to Critical Thinking as a reference (Paul & Elder, 2012)

  • Select a problem, ethical dilemma, or situation you recently faced or one in the past that required you to problem solve after much reflection.
  • Describe the situation and then explain why it was a difficult or challenging problem.
  • How did you resolve your ethical dilemma, problem, or situation? Which tools of the mind from Paul & Elder, or from the articles you read or decision-making problems you used, would change given what you now know about critical thinking?
  • Write a short response of 200- 300 words or post a short YouTube, Presentation, or Model presentation and include bulleted points describing the tools you used to resolve your issue or problem.

Critique the postings of at least two fellow students; be sure to back up your feedback with concrete facts and insights based on research. Remember that critical thinking is not just your opinion–rather, it is a claim that provides evidence that helps you prove an argument.

Refer to the various fallacies featured in the Module 4 lecture pages for terms and concepts to use in replies to fellow students. You may cite additional references to support your position.

Back up your claims and positions in the paper with at least two scholarly sources. You may use course readings or other scholarly readings. The CSU-Global Library is a good place to find your sources.

 

Paper #5 – half page long

 

Read: Elder, L., & Paul, R. (2012b). Critical thinking: Intellectual standards essential to reasoning well within every domain of human thought, Part 3. Journal of Developmental Education, 37(2), 32-33.

 

Watch: Cognitive Bias Song

 

This is an exercise in examining socio-centric and ethical reasoning.

Do the following:

  • Reflect on your mindset and a cultural belief that is a central tenet of your life.
  • Explore the benefits and challenges of egocentric thinking.
  • Identify the logic used to make the claims presented in the scholarly article.
  • Develop a logical argument with causal explanations or hypotheses, which can square egocentric thinking and cultural and religious, social or political beliefs with logic and reason. Cite your source as evidence.
  • Be sure to adhere to the APA
  • Remember that critical thinking is not just your opinion; rather, it is a claim that provides evidence that helps you prove an argument.

 

Include at least 1-2 scholarly sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course.

 

 

Paper #6 – half page long

 

Creativity Is Reasoning

Watch TED Talk: How Schools Kill Creativity. Sir Ken Robinson

Incomplete reasoning, psychological tactics, or other omitted information can be used to (mis)inform readers. What is the role of creativity and innovation in avoiding fallacies in your thinking?

  • In your initial posting, cite an article or TED Talk that explains to classmates why your specific example of the impact of creativity and innovation can resolve fallacious and incomplete reasoning, psychological tactics, or other omitted information used to (mis)inform the readers. Back up your thoughts and feedback with concrete facts, sources, and insights informed by research.

 

 

Include at least 1-2 scholarly sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course.

 

Paper #7 – half page long

 

Portfolio Outline: Critique

Paste in, or upload as an attachment to your post, your Portfolio Project outline. (You completed your outline last week.)

This week, offer helpful comments and suggestions on at least two of your classmates’ outlines.

  • What other sources might the student use?
  • What other concepts, terms, techniques, or theories might also apply to the issue being analyzed?

Does the student’s outline seem to flow logically? If not, offer suggestions for improvement.

Include at least 1-2 scholarly sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course.

Paper #8 – half page long

Lessons Learned and Future Applications

After viewing the material in the required readings this week, develop an initial posting of one or two paragraphs that analyzes one topic related to moral reasoning and ethics. Examples of topics  include your portfolio paper topic, a current issue covered in the media, an ongoing political issue or debate, or even a personal example.

  • Then discuss the qualities of a critical thinker, as those apply to the required readings for this module. Incorporate any terms or concepts covered throughout the course. (NOTE: Use this discussion as a place to work out the defining of terms and concepts that you might use in your portfolio paper.)
  • Next, take time to reflect on the reasoning and critical thinking concepts learned in this course. Describe any areas that are still challenging for you. Provide examples that demonstrate how your critical thinking skills have improved. Because critical thinking improves with practice, how are you planning to continually improve your skills?
  • As always, reply to the postings of at least two fellow students. In your replies, focus on aesthetic reasoning, moral and ethical reasoning, and legal reasoning. Back up your thoughts and feedback with concrete facts and insights informed by research.

 

Include at least 1-2 scholarly sources that are not required or recommended readings for this course.

 

 

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